MSQUITO The Mississippi State Department of Health (MSDH) reports three new human cases of West Nile virus (WNV), bringing the 2016 state total to 14. The reported cases are in Chickasaw, Copiah and Perry counties. So far this year, human cases of WNV have been reported in Calhoun, Chickasaw, Copiah, Hinds (4), Grenada, Lamar (2), Leflore, Lowndes, Perry and Rankin counties. The MSDH only reports laboratory-confirmed cases to the public. In 2015, Mississippi had 38 WNV cases and one death. Additionally, today the MSDH reports one new travel-associated cases of Zika virus, bringing the 2016 total to 17 in Mississippi. The case was reported in a resident of Harrison County who recently traveled to Puerto Rico. Zika is a mosquito-borne virus that causes severe birth defects in a developing fetus including brain damage, hearing and vision loss, and impaired growth if the mother is infected during pregnancy. Zika virus infection can cause a mild illness with symptoms (fever, joint pain, conjunctivitis or rash) lasting for several days to a week, but 80 percent of those infected have mild symptoms or no symptoms at all.

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The usual modes of transmission are contaminated fingers, medical instruments and swimming pool water. 4 Proper hand and instrument washing following patient contact can help to reduce the spread of this highly contagious infection. 18 Patients with viral conjunctivitis typically present with an acutely red eye, watery discharge, conjunctiva swelling, a tender pre auricular node, and, in some cases, photo phobia and a foreign-body sensation. Fitch et al noted that viral conjunctivitis occurs more frequently in the summer, and bacterial conjunctivitis occurs more often in the winter and spring. However, empiric treatment with a topical medication is a safe and cost-effective approach in most patients with clinically mild acute bacterial conjunctivitis. The 10 percent sulfacetamide solution Bleph-10 is still a commonly prescribed topical antibiotic for conjunctivitis. Differentiating conjunctivitis of diverse origins. with your doctor to be certain. will look at your eyes, eyelids, eyelashes, and the skin around your eyes. This often happens when bacteria gets into your eye. Cultures usually are not required in patients with mild conjunctivitis of suspected viral, bacterial or allergic origin.

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